Connect with us :

Education Situation in Southeast Asia

Before the COVID 19 pandemic, globally, 258 million children and youth are out of school and in Asia Pacific, despite the efforts taken on the matter during the last decades, still 18 million children lack access to education.


The graph below (figure 1) presents the matter globally, by primary, lower secondary and upper secondary levels.

Global number of out of school children

This table shows the situation in the Southeast Asia region. The table data is administrative data, and it reveals how some of the countries have been unable to collect data and track progress. The general picture of the situation, together with disparities where data is available (gender, location, wealth) is presented in the Educational Disparities table, which is built of household survey data. More in-depth analysis can be found from the chapters Gender [link to Gender Disparities & Intersectionality page] and Socio-Economic Disparities & Location

Few of the key findings could be summarized to that there are still lots of room for improvement in with levels of education acquired, gender work in rural areas and especially with socio-economic disparities. One key observation can be also identified in between data sets administrative and household survey data.

You can explore more differences between data sets here.

OOSC Rate and Educational Disparities in South East Asian
Countries According the school level (household survey data)

It’s not only important to offer universal access to education to everyone, but also make sure the education is being completed. In Eastern and South-Eastern Asia the completion rates (on average) are 96% in primary school but only lower secondary 81%. Covid has caused a drop in both participation and completion rates will also have an effect on achieving the minimum proficiencies.

You can access your country’s situation by using the education inequalities tool. You can explore all the key statistics, but more interestingly also get to see the variance by disparities like gender, location, region, wealth, religion, and language! On this page, we’ll be updating news, report, and articles on the development – we sincerely hope the situation will get better!

Little Kites


UNESCO partners with organizations in Myanmar to facilitate learning on Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (EPSD)

Lao PDR: Advancing young children’s learning through a TV series

Digital transformation of Non-formal education: key learnings from a flexible learning project in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Viet Nam

The 5th Meeting of Equitable Education Alliance (EEA): Identify Opportunities for EEA Activities

CRNA Collaborative Research for Exploring Factors Nurturing “Happy and Resilient” Children among Asian Countries

Emergency Report on School Education is a wake up call on declining literacy and higher dropouts

Equitable Education in Thailand

How has education technology impacted student learning in India during COVID-19?

New Ed-Tech Initiative To Give 1 Million Disadvantaged Children Access To Digital Learning

Nigeria develops e-learning software for basic schools

Teachers spread literacy among rural women

Early education program aims to give disadvantaged children running start before kindergarten

Millions of Students With Home Internet Access Still Can’t Get Online

Training and support for female entrepreneurs in Vietnam: What do women want and need?


The power of radio in Sierra Leone: ensuring no child is left behind

Elementary truth about our basic education

UNESCO Policy Paper 46: Right from the start: build inclusive societies through inclusive early childhood education (July 2021)

Key Resources

You can check your country situation here

More data of educational inequalities you can find here

Situation analysis of out-of-school children in nine southeast Asian countries

Levels of Education

Vocational Education
Secondary Education
Primary Education
Non-Formal Education
Higher Education
Early Childhood and Pre-Primary Education