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Policy & Curriculum

Governments are the primarily responsible unit for education in almost every country. They are the strongest to tackle the inequity of education issues as they can design strategies, create policies, lay out legal frameworks, and mobilize resources.


Education policy is ‘a set of established principles, assumptions and norms that govern education decision-making and practices.’ a country’s directions, expectations and human development objectives are reflected through their education policies. UNESCO suggests that promising policy options should promote a clear and common understanding of key concepts among all relevant stakeholders at all levels, perform diagnoses of existing policies and legal frameworks, foster equity and inclusion throughout all educational policies, and ensure equity and inclusion by implementing an inclusive education system, regulatory and legal frameworks.

Read more about the promising policy options here.

Since policies indicate the significance of equitable education in the eyes of the governments and specify the directions of the development, this section provides information and resources to review the existing policies and develop policies and plans that support the equity and inclusion of education, as well as the evaluation of the policies. Legislation is included as the enabler for the administrative bodies to put the policies into practice.

Read OECD’s survey on education policy evaluation.

The content covers news, cases, and information on how equity and inclusion are understood, interpreted and monitored in many countries worldwide, as well as how goals and visions are defined, how the education management bodies are structured, how the national curricular are written, partnerships in policy level, and many more. The viewers can follow the latest attempts towards equitable and inclusive education, learn from the examples of other countries and international organizations, and generate innovative ideas for policymaking or pick up useful resources for practical application.

Youth demands for quality climate change education

Teach in Action: Three Case Studies of Teach Implementation

Curriculum matters: what teachers should know and do

Cambodia Launches Lifelong Learning Policy

Major Overhaul In Sudan Education Curriculum

Policy Brief 2: Improving Access To Quality Basic Education

Learning Against The Odds

DepEd Issues National Policy Framework On Learners And Schools As ‘Zones Of Peace’

India’s Draft National Education Policy and Its Impact on Out-of-School Children

Curriculum Provides A Learning Pathway, But What Do Students See In The Classroom?

African Countries Urged To Embrace Inclusive Digital Policies To Benefit Out-of-School Girls

Vocational, Basic Education Bodies To Link Curriculums

Thai Government To Provide Free Education For Children Of Migrant Workers

OOSC Policy Briefing: No Child Should Be Discriminated Against Because Of Where He Or She Is From…

Leading Together: Insights From Ministers and Teachers on the Future of Education

The Montessori Comeback

Cambodia includes peace as a subject in its school curriculum

Why Dance is Just as Important as Math in School

How this Thai educational movement empowers rural students

Challenges in integrating 21st century skills into education systems

Key Resources

The definition of ‘education policy’

Read more about equitable and inclusive policies and legislation

Read OECD’s working paper on the education policy evaluation

Levels of Education

Vocational Education
Secondary Education
Primary Education
Non-Formal Education
Higher Education
Early Childhood and Pre-Primary Education