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Policy & Curriculum

Governments are the primarily responsible unit for education in almost every country. They are the strongest to tackle the inequity of education issues as they can design strategies, create policies, lay out legal frameworks, and mobilize resources.


Education policy is ‘a set of established principles, assumptions and norms that govern education decision-making and practices.’ a country’s directions, expectations and human development objectives are reflected through their education policies. UNESCO suggests that promising policy options should promote a clear and common understanding of key concepts among all relevant stakeholders at all levels, perform diagnoses of existing policies and legal frameworks, foster equity and inclusion throughout all educational policies, and ensure equity and inclusion by implementing an inclusive education system, regulatory and legal frameworks.

Read more about the promising policy options here.

Since policies indicate the significance of equitable education in the eyes of the governments and specify the directions of the development, this section provides information and resources to review the existing policies and develop policies and plans that support the equity and inclusion of education, as well as the evaluation of the policies. Legislation is included as the enabler for the administrative bodies to put the policies into practice.

Read OECD’s survey on education policy evaluation.

The content covers news, cases, and information on how equity and inclusion are understood, interpreted and monitored in many countries worldwide, as well as how goals and visions are defined, how the education management bodies are structured, how the national curricular are written, partnerships in policy level, and many more. The viewers can follow the latest attempts towards equitable and inclusive education, learn from the examples of other countries and international organizations, and generate innovative ideas for policymaking or pick up useful resources for practical application.

Education for sustainable development for 2030 toolbox

UNESCO partners with organizations in Myanmar to facilitate learning on Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (EPSD)

Timorese teachers are pioneering a new Tetun literacy horizon

How Is Hybrid Learning Different From Blended Learning?

Theirworld helps organisations use data to deliver innovative education projects

How to Counter Learned Helplessness

New Digital Assistant for Education Supports Teachers in the Classroom

UNESCO MGIEP partners with the Heartfulness Institute for a global essay event on #KindnessMatters FLS News Issue 1215 26 October 2021

How To Ensure Equitable Access to Great Teaching

Increased support for learning from home

Cambodian Education Reform Key for Preparing Youth for Post-pandemic Future

Need To Improve Education Funding

Global education leader ASU and edtech leader Encantos to codesign first-of-its-kind elementary content

Tracking an education initiative’s integration into government: An institutionalization tool for scaling

South-east Queensland school helps disengaged youth achieve an education through alternative programs

Call for overhauling entire education, examination system

Putting scaling principles into practice: Resources to expand and sustain impact in education

Designing for scale: A worksheet for developing a scaling strategy in education

Welcome to Reason: Can COVID-disrupted education be rebuilt?

Explained: Why Education System in India needs urgent reform

Key Resources

The definition of ‘education policy’

Read more about equitable and inclusive policies and legislation

Read OECD’s working paper on the education policy evaluation

Levels of Education

Vocational Education
Secondary Education
Primary Education
Non-Formal Education
Higher Education
Early Childhood and Pre-Primary Education